Our purposeAustralian Research Council logo

carbonviolence.org is a website dedicated to shedding light on the darker side of green, by detailing some of the adverse social, economic and environmental impacts of global plantation forestry and carbon offset projects. The research presented on this site aims to inform you about Green Resources operations in Uganda. The research included on this site has been funded by the Australian Research Council, and undertaken by academic researchers based at The University of Queensland and the Queensland University of Technology.  This work has been published by the Oakland Institute, and is supported by the National Association of Professional Environmentalists – NAPE (Uganda).

carbonviolence.org focuses on plantation forestry and carbon market activities undertaken in Uganda by a company called Green Resources. Green Resources is a forestry plantation company registered in Norway. To find out more about Green Resources and its links to Uganda, you can read this post: About Green Resources.

Oakland Institute report

oakland institute logo

On November 4, 2014, the Oakland Institute published a report called, The Darker Side of Green: Plantation Forestry and Carbon Violence in Uganda – the case of Green Resources’ forestry-based carbon markets

The report was researched and written with the support and backing of two leading Australian universities:

The University of Queensland (UQ)

Associate Professor Kristen Lyons & Dr Peter Westoby


Queensland University of Technology (QUT)

Dr Carol Richards


You can follow these links to read more about:

You can click here to access a full copy of the report via the Oakland Instutute.


The authors acknowledge support from the Australian Research Council Discovery-Project Grant (DP110102299) which has funded a broader research project, The New Farm Owners: Finance Companies and the Restructuring of the Australian and Global Agriculture.


The photographs on this website were taken in Uganda at villages and sites near and/or impacted upon by the Green Resources’ plantations in Kachung and Bukaleba. The images and content are protected under a Creative Commons License (see below).

Use of materials on this website

All images and other content on this site remain the property of carbon violence.org and are protected under a Creative Commons License as follows:

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

This means you may ‘share, copy and redistribute the material in any medium or format’, as long as you meet the following conditions:

  • Attribution — You must give appropriate credit, provide a link to the license, and indicate if changes were made. You may do so in any reasonable manner, but not in any way that suggests the licensor endorses you or your use;
  • NonCommercial — You may not use the material for commercial purposes;
  • ShareAlike — If you remix, transform, or build upon the material, you must distribute your contributions under the same license as the original;
  • No additional restrictions — You may not apply legal terms or technological measures that legally restrict others from doing anything the license permits.

Questions/comments about the project?

If you would like to know more about the project or have something to say, please Leave a Comment at the bottom of this page, or visit our Contact page.

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